Caro's Family History

Corporal Charles Mulligan

Male 1887 - 1915  (28 years)


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  • Name Corporal Charles Mulligan  [1, 2
    Title Corporal 
    Born 1887  Lochee, Angus, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Census 1901  Dundee, Angus, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Military Service 26 Feb 1915  Le Havre, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    4th Battalion, Black Watch, landed in France 
    Military Service Bef 09 May 1915  [2, 3
    Corporal, 1/4th (City of Dundee) Battalion, Black Watch 
    Died 09 May 1915  Battle of Aubers, Aubers Ridge, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • http://www.1914-1918.net/bat11.htm. The Battle of Aubers, 9 May 1915. British casualties in the Southern pincer on 9 May 1915. 1/4/ Black Watch. 174, of which 7 officers. First wave of Bareilly Brigade. 9 May 1915. 3.45pm: Bareilly Brigade, moving up to relieve the Dehra Dun, loses more than 200 men due to enemy shelling. 3.57pm: The leading companies of the 1/Black Watch of 1st (Guards) Brigade, brought in to replace the shattered 2nd Brigade, went over the top despite the 1/Cameron Highlanders being late to arrive and moved at the double across No Man's Land. Some reached the German breastwork just as the bombardment lifted; most were however killed or captured in the German firing trench although a small party reached the second position. The two lead companies of the Camerons, coming up on the left of the Black Watch a few minutes later, suffered heavy machine-gun casualties in crossing between the front lines. At approximately the same time, the two fresh battalions of the 3rd Brigade, the 1/Gloucestershire and 1/South Wales Borderers began to advance but were cut down without reaching the enemy. Meerut Division orders Bareilly Brigade to advance, even though it is clear that conditions are unchanged: few men even reached a small ditch 20 yards in front of their own front line, and the Brigade suffered more than 1000 casualties within minutes.This battle was an unmitigated disaster for the British army. No ground was won and no tactical advantage gained. It is very doubtful if it had the slightest positive effect on assisting the main French attack fifteen miles to the south. The main operational factors affecting the outcome were: Intelligence about the newly-strengthened German positions was not available or given sufficient attention. No surprise was achieved. The duration and weight of the British bombardment was wholly insufficient to break the German wire and breastwork defences, or to destroy or suppress the front-line machine-guns. German artillery and free movement of reserves were insufficiently suppressed. Trench layout, traffic flows and organisation behind the British front line did not allow for easy movement of reinforcements and casualties. British artillery equipment and ammunition were in poor condition: the first through over-use, the second through faulty manufacture. It soon became impossible to tell precisely where British troops were; accurate close-support artillery fire was impossible.
    Memorial 22 Mar 1930  Le Touret Memorial, Le Touret Military Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    no known grave 
    Person ID I3066  Caro's Tree

    Father George Mulligan,   b. 09 Feb 1856, Horse Water Wynd, Scouringburn, Dundee, Angus, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 04 Oct 1903, 11 Lower Pleasance, Dundee, Angus, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Mother Maria Maloney,   b. 1858, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 09 Oct 1914, 44 Poleback Road, Dundee, Angus, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Family ID F756  Group Sheet

    Family Living 
    Family ID F991  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1887 - Lochee, Angus, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1901 - Dundee, Angus, Scotland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S14] 1901 Census, SCT1901.
      George Mulligan

    2. [S114] Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
      Casualty Details. Mulligan, Charles. Rank: Corporal. Service No: 2001. Date of Death: 09/05/1915. Age: 28. Regiment/Service: Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 4th Bn. Panel Reference: Panels 24 to 26. Memorial: Le Touret Memorial. Additional Information: Husband of Catherine Kerrigan Mulligan, of 215, Lochee Rd., Lochee, Dundee.
      Le Touret Memorial. Country: France. Locality: Pas de Calais. Identified Casualties: 13393. Location Information: Le Touret Memorial is located at the east end of Le Touret Military Cemetery, on the south side of the Bethune-Armentieres main road. From Bethune follow the signs for Armentieres until you are on the D171. Continue on this road through Essars and Le Touret village. Approximately 1 kilometre after Le Touret village and about 5 kilometres before you reach the intersection with the D947, Estaires to La Bassee road, the Cemetery lies on the right hand side of the road. The Memorial takes the form of a loggia surrounding an open rectangular court. The court is enclosed by three solid walls and on the eastern side by a colonnade. East of the colonnade is a wall and the colonnade and wall are prolonged northwards (to the road) and southwards, forming a long gallery. Small pavilions mark the ends of the gallery and the western corners of the court. Visiting Information: The Panel Numbers quoted at the end of each entry relate to the panels dedicated to the Regiment served with. In some instances where a casualty is recorded as attached to another Regiment, his name may alternatively appear within their Regimental Panels. Please refer to the on-site Memorial Register Introduction to determine the alternative panel numbers if you do not find the name within the quoted Panels. Historical Information: The Le Touret Memorial commemorates over 13,400 British soldiers who were killed in this sector of the Western Front from the beginning of October 1914 to the eve of the Battle of Loos in late September 1915 and who have no known grave. The Memorial takes the form of a loggia surrounding an open rectangular court. The names of those commemorated are listed on panels set into the walls of the court and the gallery, arranged by regiment, rank and alphabetically by surname within the rank. The memorial was designed by John Reginald Truelove, who had served as an officer with the London Regiment during the war, and unveiled by the British ambassador to France, Lord Tyrrell, on 22 March 1930. Almost all of the men commemorated on the Memorial served with regular or territorial regiments from across the United Kingdom and were killed in actions that took place along a section of the front line that stretched from Estaires in the north to Grenay in the south. This part of the Western Front was the scene of some of the heaviest fighting of the first year of the war, including the battles of La Bassée (10 October - 2 November 1914), Neuve Chapelle (10 - 12 March 1915), Aubers Ridge (9 - 10 May 1915), and Festubert (15 - 25 May 1915). Soldiers serving with Indian and Canadian units who were killed in this sector in 1914 and 15 whose remains were never identified are commemorated on the Neuve Chapelle and Vimy memorials, while those who fell during the northern pincer attack at the Battle of Aubers Ridge are commemorated on the Ploegsteert Memorial. The British Expeditionary Force in French Flanders, 1914 - 1915: In October 1914, II Corps of the British Expeditionary Force moved north from Picardy and took up positions in French Flanders where they were immediately engaged in the series of attacks and counter attacks that would become known as the race to the sea. Over the course of the next year most of the British activity in this sector focused on attempting to dislodge the German forces from their advantageous position on the Aubers Ridge and capture the city of Lille, a major industrial and transport centre which the Germans had occupied early in the war. The ridge is a slight incline in an otherwise extremely flat landscape from which the Germans were able to observe and bombard the British lines. Following the British capture of the village of Neuve Chapelle in March 1915, the Germans greatly strengthened their defences along the ridge, reinforcing their positions with thick barbed wire entanglements, concrete blockhouses and machine gun emplacements. These extra defences frustrated British attempts to break through enemy lines and led to very heavy casualties at the battles of Aubers Ridge and Festubert in May 1915. Le Touret Military Cemetery: The men of the Indian Corps began burying their fallen comrades at this site in November 1914 and the cemetery was used continually by field ambulances and fighting units until the German spring offensive began in March 1918. Richebourg LAvoue was overrun by the German forces in April 1918, but the cemetery was used again in September and October after this territory was recaptured by the Allies. Today over 900 Commonwealth servicemen who were killed during the First World War are buried here. http://www.cwgc.org/find-a-cemetery/cemetery/85800/LE%20TOURET%20MEMORIAL.


    3. [S116] The Long Long Trail.
      The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders). Battalions of the Territorial Force. 1/4th (City of Dundee) Battalion. August 1914 : in Dundee. Part of Black Watch Brigade, unallocated to a Division. 26 February 1915 : landed at Le Havre and on the 4 March 1915 joined the Bareilly Brigade in the Meerut Division.